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vendredi 19 mai 2017

Liver content of vitamin C in animals

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3417664/

Red meat another time

https://profgrant.com/2017/05/16/red-meat-will-kill-you-and-make-it-look-like-an-accident/comment-page-1/#comment-29258

https://profgrant.com/2017/05/16/red-meat-will-kill-you-and-make-it-look-like-an-accident/

The recommendations are false, but the public nutrition gurus want more

http://www.oecd.org/health/health-systems/Obesity-Update-2017.pdf

Cuisez moins

D'une manière générale compte tenu de l'extraordinaire disponibilité de produits frais il est de moins en moins nécessaire de cuire.

Why observational epidemiological studies are full of biases: fruit and veggies intake association with PAD risk

If you never smoked F&V intake does not lower PAD risk

http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/early/2017/05/18/ATVBAHA.116.308474

Salim Yusuf about cardiovascular diseases

https://youtu.be/gT9zR71KypY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwGteseHyas

Tobacco smoking
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Co1SisXbzr4&index=1&list=PLFL0lyNSjc4UMQ6DpLeM1lNeUO6tenivP

Genomics
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHVfPEkpAFc&index=2&list=PLFL0lyNSjc4UMQ6DpLeM1lNeUO6tenivP

RCT are always needed

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C60eEO0Kyfc

samedi 13 mai 2017

Salt and evolution in human diet: Paleo diet was a low salt diet

Paleo diet was a low salt diet 
http://www.atlantico.fr/decryptage/sante-nouvelles-etudes-suggerent-bonne-partie-que-pensions-savoir-sel-faux-guy-andre-pelouze-3047311.html

https://www.jci.org/articles/view/88532

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/salt-and-sodium/sodium-health-risks-and-disease/

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cen.12225/abstract

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4517681/
Sources of sodium: it should be cut in agro-industry factories



Clinical Perspective

What Is New?

  • This study identifies the major sources of sodium in the diets of adults from 3 geographic regions in the United States.
  • The study shows that sodium added to food outside the home accounts for more than two thirds of total sodium intake, whereas sodium added to food at the table and in home food preparation is a minor contributor to total sodium intake.
  • Study findings align with a 2010 Institute of Medicine recommendation for reduction of sodium in commercially processed foods as the primary strategy to reduce sodium intake in the United States.

What Are the Clinical Implications?

  • Commercially processed and restaurant foods should be the primary focus when educating patients on strategies for lowering sodium in the diet.
  • For packaged food products, the Nutrition Facts panel may be useful in identifying lower-sodium products.
  • When individuals eat outside the home, sodium content information for menu items should be requested and used as a guide in making food choices.
  • Limiting salt added to food at the table and in home food preparation should also be encouraged, but patients should be advised that changes in these behaviors alone may not be sufficient for achieving the recommended intake level.

Le brocoli une petite pièce du Puzzle

https://www.contrepoints.org/2017/05/13/289259-contre-cancer-mange-brocolis?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=SOCIAL&utm_campaign=Facebook-automation

mercredi 10 mai 2017

Our ancestors and alcohol

http://www.bbc.co.uk/earth/story/20170222-our-ancestors-were-drinking-alcohol-before-they-were-human

Danger et risque de cancer, une différence fondamentale

Un agent capable de causer un cancer dans certaines circonstances, représente un danger, alors qu'un risque de cancer ou d'une autre affection est une estimation des effets cancérogènes attendus de l'exposition à cet agent. Les études expérimentales ont pour but de rechercher si un cancer peut survenir dans l'exposition des animaux ou des humains à cet agent, les études cliniques ont pour but si un danger de cancer existe d'authetifier la relation causale et de quantifier le risque. La distinction entre danger et risque est importante et une étude expérimentale peut identifier un danger de cancer même lorsque les risques sont très bas aux niveaux d'exposition actuels des populations, car de nouvelles utilisations ou des expositions imprévues pourraient engendrer des risques nettement plus élevés.

vendredi 5 mai 2017

Primary prevention could be summed by a poem

http://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011/10/30/polypill-life%E2%80%A6in

Polypill a life…in

Instead of delicious butter margarin
For bad cholesterol statin
For thick blood aspirin
For diabetes metformin
For high blood pressure nicardipin
As I stopped smoking a full patch of nicotin
And tomorrow a nightmare, imagine !
Don’t be foolish !
Take fresh spinach and fatty fish
Roquette, nuts, kiwis and have a large meal
Pour your glass with wine and make a deal
After a snap I will go running
Work a bit and get light dining
Smoke a big havana once a year
And forget doctors for ever

Grosse manipulation journalistique au sujet du thon en boîte

Un tissu de mensonges. Un exemple: la moitié de la valeur réglementaire c'est parfaitement réglementaire. Des manipulateurs.

mercredi 3 mai 2017

Chronobiology of food intake: the truth and the myths

Figure 1. The day-night cycles set the regular oscillations of eating (purple line) and locomotor activity (blue line), which are coupled during a healthy state. Intake of hypercaloric diets, leading in obesity, disrupts the eating daily patterns, producing small but frequent bouts of ingestion even during the normal resting period. The locomotor activity and eating pattern rhythms are uncoupled in an obese state. The effects of a hypercaloric diet over the rhythmicity of the reward system are unknown but as the evidence suggest that the rhythmicity in the hypothalamus is mainly unaffected (blue dotted line), the reward system might be influencing the disturbances of the daily eating patterns (purple dotted line). In the diet-induced obese state, the rhythmicity of the peripheral organs are altered (green line), causing an internal desynchrony of central and peripheral oscillators (green dotted line).


http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnins.2017.00023/full

This clearly proven. Other relationships between more specific food intakes and chronobiology are not backed by solid experimental or clinical studies.
This study (http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/308/5/R337.long) is considering those issues:

"This review has focused on the effects of fatty acids and sugar on the circadian clock. Studies have shown that high-fat and high-sugar intake can lead to alterations in clock gene expression in peripheral tissues, in non-SCN brain nuclei, as well as in the SCN. Putative mechanisms through which this can occur were discussed with an important role for signaling components that link nutrient status to the molecular clock mechanism. Indeed, it was shown that alterations in circulating levels of fatty acids and glucose can affect various nutrient sensing mechanisms, which can affect the molecular clock, thereby linking fat and/or sugar intake to the circadian clock. Furthermore, many studies have focused on how altered energetic status can affect the clock. Current evidence supports the idea that the amount of nutrients may be more important for resetting the molecular clock than the source of nutrients, but it remains elusive whether the specific metabolites of fatty acids and sugar can contribute to alterations in the circadian clock and whether there are differential mechanisms through which fatty acids and sugar regulate the clock."

Breast-feeding is better for preterm babies

http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(16)30411-5/pdf